Egg Industry Overview

United States egg production totaled 8.56 billion during February 2019.

Table egg flock size on March 1, was 336 million layers. Rate of lay per day on March 1, 2019 averaged 76.6 eggs per 100 layers, up 1 percent from March 1, 2018.

The five largest table egg-producing states represent approximately 41% of all U.S. table egg producing hens.

Shell Egg Distribution

Number of 30 Dozen Cases in Millions

Year Total Retail Breaker Institution Export
2017 255.87 151.06 76.81 20.47 7.53
  99.9% 59.0% 30.0% 8.0% 2.9%
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2016 245.54 144.00 76.33 19.64 5.57
  100% 58.6% 31.1% 8.0% 2.3%
2015 230.96 131.80 69.27 22.13 7.77
  100% 57.1% 30.0% 9.6% 3.4%
2014 241.59 132.53 75.99 21.74 11.33
  100% 54.9% 31.5% 9.0% 4.7%
2013 229.03 122.16 73.28 22.90 10.69
  100% 53.3% 31.9% 9.0% 3.8%
2012 223.70 123.81 71.28 20.13 8.48
  100% 55.3% 31.9% 9.0% 3.8%
2011 219.64 125.02 69.68 17.57 7.37
  100% 56.9% 31.7% 8.0% 3.4%
2010 218.07 124.84 68.92 17.45 6.87
  100% 57.2% 31.6% 8.0% 3.2%
2009 215.98 124.80 66.40 18.40 6.40
  100% 57.8% 30.7% 8.5% 3.0%
2008 213.10 121.75 67.60 18.75 5.00
  100% 57.1% 31.7% 8.8% 2.4%

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand:3


Year Per Capita Consumption
2019 287.1
2018 284.1
2017 279.9
2016 272.0
2015 256.3
2014 266.6
2013 258.6
2012 254.2
2011 250.0
2010 249.3
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2009 248.4
2008 248.3
2007 251.7
2006 258.1
2005 255.4
2004 257.1
2003 254.7
2002 255.9
2001 252.8
2000 251.7
1999 249.8
1998 239.7

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are:1


State Number of Hens
Iowa 55,883
Indiana 34,190
Ohio 31,310
Pennsylvania 25,523
Michigan 15,843
California 13,053
Minnesota 10,560
Georgia 9,797
Nebraska 8,201
Missouri 7,639

Cage-Free Hens4

Flock Size (million hens) July Aug. Sept. Oct. Sept. through Feb. "19 March
Certified Organic 15.6 15.6 15.7 15.6 15.7 15.0
Cage-free hens 39.1 39.1 41.4 39.1 41.5 46.9
Total non-caged 54.7 54.7 57.1 54.7 57.2 61.9

1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.

2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

4. USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News.

All Figures Updated 4.9.19


Eggcyclopedia

Egg facts