Egg Industry Overview

United States egg production totaled 9.41 billion during January 2019.1

Table egg flock size on February 1, was 330 million layers. Rate of lay per day on February 1, 2019 averaged 77.2 eggs per 100 layers, up 2 percent from February 1, 2018.1

The five largest table egg-producing states represent approximately 44.0% of all U.S. table egg producing hens.

Shell Egg Distribution

Number of 30 Dozen Cases in Millions

Year Total Retail Breaker Institution Export
2017 255.87 151.06 76.81 20.47 7.53
  99.9% 59.0% 30.0% 8.0% 2.9%
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2016 245.54 144.00 76.33 19.64 5.57
  100% 58.6% 31.1% 8.0% 2.3%
2015 230.96 131.80 69.27 22.13 7.77
  100% 57.1% 30.0% 9.6% 3.4%
2014 241.59 132.53 75.99 21.74 11.33
  100% 54.9% 31.5% 9.0% 4.7%
2013 229.03 122.16 73.28 22.90 10.69
  100% 53.3% 31.9% 9.0% 3.8%
2012 223.70 123.81 71.28 20.13 8.48
  100% 55.3% 31.9% 9.0% 3.8%
2011 219.64 125.02 69.68 17.57 7.37
  100% 56.9% 31.7% 8.0% 3.4%
2010 218.07 124.84 68.92 17.45 6.87
  100% 57.2% 31.6% 8.0% 3.2%
2009 215.98 124.80 66.40 18.40 6.40
  100% 57.8% 30.7% 8.5% 3.0%
2008 213.10 121.75 67.60 18.75 5.00
  100% 57.1% 31.7% 8.8% 2.4%

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand:3


Year Per Capita Consumption
2019 279.2 est. 1/19
2018 278.8 est. 1/19
2017 276.3
2016 271.6
2015 256.3
2014 266.6
2013 258.6
2012 254.2
2011 250.0
2010 249.3
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2009 248.4
2008 248.3
2007 251.7
2006 258.1
2005 255.4
2004 257.1
2003 254.7
2002 255.9
2001 252.8
2000 251.7
1999 249.8
1998 239.7

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are:1


State Number of Hens
Iowa 56,349
Indiana 33,293
Ohio 32,049
Pennsylvania 26,023
Texas 18,013
Michigan 15,718
California 13,972
Minnesota 10,575
Georgia 9,356
Nebraska 8,286

Cage-Free Hens4

Flock Size (million hens) May 2018 June 2018 July 2018 Aug. 2018 Sept. 2018 Oct. 2018 Nov. 2018 Dec. 2018
Certified Organic 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.7 15.7 15.7 15.7
Cage-free hens 38.9 39.1 39.1 39.1 41.4 41.5 41.5 41.5
Total non-caged 54.5 54.7 54.7 54.7 57.1 57.2 57.2 57.2

1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.

2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

4. USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News.

All Figures Updated 3.11.19


Eggcyclopedia

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