Egg Industry Overview

United States table egg production totaled 8.04 billion during October 2018.1

Table egg flock size on November 1, 2018, was 326 million layers. Rate of lay per day on November 1, 2018, averaged 77.1 eggs per 100 layers, up 1 percent from November 1, 2017.1 

The five largest table egg-producing states represent approximately 74.08% of all U.S. table egg-producing hens.1

Shell Egg Distribution

Number of 30 Dozen Cases in Millions

Year Total Retail Breaker Institution Export
2017 255.87 151.06 76.81 20.47 7.53
  100% 59.0% 30.0% 8.0% 2.9%

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand:3


Year Per Capita Consumption
2019 280.1
2018 279.5
2017 276.3
2016 271.6
2015 256.3
2014 266.6
2013 258.6
2012 254.2
2011 250.0
2010 249.3
2009 248.4
2008 248.3
2007 251.7
2006 258.1
2005 255.4
2004 257.1
2003 254.7
2002 255.9
2001 252.8
2000 251.7
1999 249.8
1998 239.7

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are:1


State Number of Hens
Iowa 56,390
Ohio 31,805
Indiana 31,781
Pennsylvania 25,891
Texas 17,723
Michigan 15,569
California 13,852
Minnesota 10,777
Georgia 8,929
Nebraska 8,083

Cage-Free Hens4

Flock Size (million hens) May 2018 June 2018 July 2018 Aug. 2018 Sept. 2018 Oct. 2018
Certified Organic 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.7 15.7
Cage-free hens 38.9 39.1 39.1 39.1 41.4 41.5
Total non-caged 54.5 54.7 54.7 54.7 57.1 57.2

1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.

2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

4. USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News.

All Figures Updated 12.1.18

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