About The U.S. Egg Industry

United States table egg production totaled 7.93 billion during March 2018.1

Table egg flock size on April 1, 2018, was 324 million layers. Rate of lay per day on April 1, 2018, averaged 75.9 eggs per 100 layers, down 2 percent from April 1, 2017.1 

The five largest table egg-producing states represent approximately 74.06 percent of all U.S. table egg-producing hens.1

Shell Egg Distribution

Number of 30 Dozen Cases in Millions

Year Total Retail Breaker Institution Export
2017 255.87 151.06 76.81 20.47 7.53
  100% 59.0% 30.0% 8.0% 2.9%

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand:3


Year Per Capita Consumption
2019 281.2, est. 5.18
2018 276.3, est. 5.18
2017 276.4
2016 271.7
2015 256.3
2014 266.6
2013 258.6
2012 254.2
2011 250.0
2010 249.3
2009 248.4
2008 248.3
2007 251.7
2006 258.1
2005 255.4
2004 257.1
2003 254.7
2002 255.9
2001 252.8
2000 251.7
1999 249.8
1998 239.7

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are:1


State Number of Hens
Iowa 55,313
Ohio 31,483
Indiana 31,189
Pennsylvania 26,088
Texas 17,779
Michigan 15,242
California 13,896
Minnesota 10,697
Georgia 9,388
Nebraska 7,453

Cage-Free Hens4

Flock Size (million hens) Dec. 2017 Jan. 2018 Feb. 2018 March 2018 April 2018
Certified Organic 14.7 14.6 15.0 15.0 15.5
Cage-free hens 34.7 35.7 36.9 36.9 38.9
Total non-caged 49.4 50.3 51.9 51.9 54.4

1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.

2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

4. USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News.

All Figures Updated 5.1.18