U.S. Egg Industry Egg Facts – Q1 2014

  • Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production divided by the total population. It does not represent demand. (USDA has recently adjusted data to reflect 2000 Census figures)

 

1998 – 239.7 2001 – 252.8 2004 – 257.1 2007 – 251.7 2010 – 247.9 2013 – 251.5 (est.)
1999 – 249.8 2002 – 255.9 2005 – 255.4 2008 – 248.3 2011 – 247.9 2014 – 255.1 (est.)
2000 – 251.7 2003 – 254.7 2006 – 258.1 2009 – 248.4 2012 – 251.0

 

  • USDA’s Per Capita Consumption figures show egg consumption as the highest in 7 years. The egg industry has added nearly 4 eggs per person in consumption over the last two years. Plus, USDA is projecting another strong increase in 2014 to nearly 255 eggs per person.
  • Currently, the top ten egg producing states (ranked by number of layers represented in thousands) are:
    1. Iowa – 53,044
    2. Ohio –27,869
    3. Indiana – 26,491
    4. Pennsylvania – 24,244
    5. California –16,261
    6. Texas – 14,786
    7. Michigan – 12,646
    8. Minnesota – 9,982
    9. Nebraska – 9,318
    10. Georgia – 9,210
  • The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 51 % of all U.S. layers.
  • United States egg production totaled 8.20 billion during March 2014, up 1 percent from last year.
  • Presently, there are approximately 59 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus layers that represents approximately 87 percent of total production and 17 companies with greater than 5 million layers.
  • To date, there are approximately 176 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These companies represent about 95 percent of all the layers in the United States.** In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more.
  • Table egg flock size on March 1, 2014, was 294 million layers. Rate of lay per day on March 1, 2014, averaged 77.9 eggs per 100 layers, up 2% from last year.
  • Of the 229.0 million cases (estimated) of shell eggs produced in 2013:
  • 73.3 million cases (32.0%) were further processed (for food service, manufacturing, retail and export);
  • 122.1 million cases (53.3%) went to retail;
  • 22.9 million cases (10.0%) went for foodservice use; and
  • 10.7 million cases (4.7%) were exported.

Egg Demand

Eggs are one of the few food commodities that are growing in popularity. According to USDA, per capita egg consumption grew to 252 eggs in 2013, and has grown by four eggs per person over the last two years. USDA is also projecting another increase in 2014. What’s more, egg category sales (in both units and dollars) at retail increased in 2013, despite the fact that retail prices were higher than in 2012. And eggs were named one of the fastest growing foods (in annual eatings per capita) over the last 10 years by NPD, a global market research firm.

Learn more about the latest egg demand trends here.


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