About the U.S. Egg Industry

United States table egg production totaled 7.67 billion during October 2017.1

Table egg flock size on November 1, 2017, was 315 million layers. Rate of lay per day on November 1, 2017, averaged 76.4 eggs per 100 layers, down 1 percent from November 1, 2016.1 

The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 51 percent of all U.S. hens.1

Shell Egg Distribution

Number of 30 Dozen Cases in Millions

Year Total Retail Breaker Institution Export
2016 245.54 144.00 76.33 19.64 5.57
  100% 58.6% 31.1% 8.0% 2.3%

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand:3


Year Per Capita Consumption
2017 275.2, est. 11.17
2016 274.7
2015 256.3
2014 266.6
2013 258.6
2012 254.2
2011 250.0
2010 249.3
2009 248.4
2008 248.3
2007 251.7
2006 258.1
2005 255.4
2004 257.1
2003 254.7
2002 255.9
2001 252.8
2000 251.7
1999 249.8
1998 239.7

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are:1


State Number of Hens
Iowa 52,456
Ohio 31,648
Indiana 30,462
Pennsylvania 25,025
Texas 16,303
Michigan 13,723
California 10,979
Minnesota 10,363
Georgia 9,477
Nebraska 8,850

Cage-Free Hens4

  Non-Organic Cage-Free Certified Organic TOTAL Cage-Free Hens Cage-free % of US Flock
  2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017 % Change  
January 12.2 23.5 11.4 14.1 23.6 37.6 59% 11.8%
April 17.0 26.6 13.5 14.6 30.5 41.2 35% 13.0%
July 17.0 27.5 13.5 14.6 30.5 42.1 38% 13.6%
October 23.5 34.7 14.1 14.7 37.6 49.4 31% 15.8%

1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.

2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

4. USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News.

All Figures Updated 11.27.17


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