About the U.S. Egg Industry

United States shell egg production totaled 7.91 billion during January 2017.1

Table egg flock size on February 1, 2017, was 318 million layers. Rate of lay per day on February 1, 2017, averaged 77.1 eggs per 100 layers, up 3 percent from February 1, 2016.1 

The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 51 percent of all U.S. hens.1

Presently, there are approximately 61 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus hens that represents approximately 85 percent of total production and 15 companies with greater than 5 million hens.2

Today, there are approximately 199 egg producing companies with flocks exceeding 75,000 hens. These companies represent about 99 percent of all the hens in the United States.2 In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks exceeding 75,000 hens.3

As of September 2016, organic and cage-free shell egg production accounted for 12.5% of current table egg layer flock (37.6 million hens). Of this, 4.7% are organic (14.1 million hens) and 7.8% are cage-free (23.5 million hens).4   

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand:3


Year Egg Production
1998 239.7
1999 249.8
2000 251.7
2001 252.8
2002 255.9
2003 254.7
2004 257.1
2005 255.4
2006 258.1
2007 251.7
2008 248.3
2009 248.4
2010 249.3
2011 250.0
2012 254.2
2013 258.6
2014 266.6
2015 252.9
2016 267.4
2017 267.0

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are:1

State Number of Hens
Iowa 54,209
Indiana 31,610
Ohio 30,173
Pennsylvania 25,458
Texas 17,089
Michigan 13,816
California 11,702
Minnesota 10,710
Georgia 9,690
Nebraska 8,701

Sources:

1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.

2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

4. USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News, updated March and September. 

All Figures Updated 03.01.17.

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