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About the U.S. Egg Industry

United States shell egg production totaled 8.24 billion during May 2014, up 3 percent from last year.1

Table egg flock size on June 1, 2014, was 296 million hens. Rate of lay per day on June 1, 2014, averaged 74.9 eggs per 100 hens, down slightly from last year.1

The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 51 percent of all U.S. hens.1

Presently, there are approximately 60 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus hens that represents approximately 87 percent of total production and 17 companies with greater than 5 million hens.2

Today, there are approximately 177 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These companies represent about 99 percent of all the hens in the United States.** In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more.3

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand3:

Year Egg Production
1998 239.7
1999 249.8
2000 251.7
2001 252.8
2002 255.9
2003 254.7
2004 257.1
2005 255.4
2006 258.1
2007 251.7
2008 248.3
2009 248.4
2010 247.9
2011 247.9
2012 250.8
2013 251.3
2014 256.0 (est.)
2015 257.1 (est.)

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are3:

State Number of Hens
Iowa 53,486
Ohio 29,947
Indiana 26,457
Pennsylvania 23,498
California 15,791
Texas 14,800
Michigan 12,632
Minnesota 10,181
Georgia 9,600
Nebraska 9,338

Sources:

1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.

2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

All Figures Updated 6.25.14.

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