About the U.S. Egg Industry

United States shell egg production totaled 7.44 billion during August 2016.1

Table egg flock size on September 1, 2016, was 302 million layers. Rate of lay per day on September 1, 2016, averaged 76.7 eggs per 100 layers, up 2 percent from September 1, 2015.1 

The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 52 percent of all U.S. hens.1

Presently, there are approximately 64 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus hens that represents approximately 85 percent of total production and 18 companies with greater than 5 million hens.2

Today, there are approximately 188 egg producing companies with flocks exceeding 75,000 hens. These companies represent about 99 percent of all the hens in the United States.2 In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks exceeding 75,000 hens.3

As of March 2016, organic and cage-free shell egg production accounted for 10.0% of current table egg layer flock (30.1 million hens). Of this, 4.5% are organic (13.5 million hens) and 5.5% are cage-free (16.6 million hens).4   

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand:3


Year Egg Production
1998 239.7
1999 249.8
2000 251.7
2001 252.8
2002 255.9
2003 254.7
2004 257.1
2005 255.4
2006 258.1
2007 251.7
2008 248.3
2009 248.4
2010 249.3
2011 250.0
2012 254.2
2013 258.6
2014 266.6
2015 252.9
2016 266.1

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are:1

State Number of Hens
Iowa 50,782
Ohio 29,997
Indiana 28,340
Pennsylvania 24,755
Texas 16,169
Michigan 12,814
California 11,458
Minnesota 9,528
Georgia 9,340
Nebraska 9,120

Sources:

1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.

2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

4. USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News, updated March and September. 

All Figures Updated 10.05.16.

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