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About the U.S. Egg Industry

United States shell egg production totaled 6.66 billion during October 2015, down 9 percent from last year.1

Table egg flock size on October 1, 2015, was 277 million layers. Rate of lay per day on October 1, 2015, averaged 76.8 eggs per 100 layers.1

The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 44 percent of all U.S. hens.1

Presently, there are approximately 63 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus hens that represents approximately 86 percent of total production and 17 companies with greater than 5 million hens.2

Today, there are approximately 186 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These companies represent about 99 percent of all the hens in the United States.2 In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more.3

As of September 2015, the total U.S. Cage-Free Flock totaled 8.6 percent or 23.6 million hens. Of this figure, 4.2 percent, 11.4 million hens, were USDA Organic, and 4.5 percent, 12.2 million hens were Other Cage-Free.4

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand3:


Year Egg Production
1998 239.7
1999 249.8
2000 251.7
2001 252.8
2002 255.9
2003 254.7
2004 257.1
2005 255.4
2006 258.1
2007 251.7
2008 248.3
2009 248.4
2010 249.3
2011 250.0
2012 254.2
2013 255.1
2014 263.0

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are3:

State Number of Hens
Iowa 32,928
Ohio 30,717
Indiana 27,978
Pennsylvania 23,919
Texas 15,644
California 12,935
Michigan 12,554
Georgia 9,963
Minnesota 8,791
Florida 8,557

Sources:

1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.

2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

4. USDA Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News, updated March and September.

All Figures Updated 12.03.15.

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