About the U.S. Egg Industry

United States table egg production totaled 7.55 billion during April 2017.1

Table egg flock size on May 1, 2017, was 313 million layers. Rate of lay per day on May 1, 2017, averaged 76.7 eggs per 100 layers, up 1 percent from May 1, 2016.1 

The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 52 percent of all U.S. hens.1

Presently, there are approximately 63 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus hens that represents approximately 86 percent of total production and 15 companies with greater than 5 million hens.2

Today, there are approximately 201 egg producing companies with flocks exceeding 75,000 hens. These companies represent about 99 percent of all the hens in the United States.2 In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks exceeding 75,000 hens.3

As of May 2017, organic and cage-free shell egg production accounted for 13.2% of the current table egg layer flock (41.2 million hens). Of this, 4.7% are organic (14.6 million hens) and 8.5% are cage-free (26.6 million hens).5

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand:3


Year Egg Production
1998 239.7
1999 249.8
2000 251.7
2001 252.8
2002 255.9
2003 254.7
2004 257.1
2005 255.4
2006 258.1
2007 251.7
2008 248.3
2009 248.4
2010 249.3
2011 250.0
2012 254.2
2013 258.6
2014 266.6
2015 252.9
2016 267.4
2017 274.6

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are:1

State Number of Hens
Iowa 53,408
Indiana 31,967
Ohio 29,667
Pennsylvania 25,670
Texas 17,330
Michigan 14,023
California 11,824
Minnesota 9,984
Georgia 9,408
Nebraska 8,146

2016 Egg distrubition Sources:

1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.

2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

4. According to U.S. egg industry statistical, and Projections Reports from the Egg Industry Center. 

5. USDA Cage-Free Shell Egg Report.

All Figures Updated 06.07.17.

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