United States shell egg production totaled 8.24 billion during May 2014, up 3 percent from last year.1
Table egg flock size on June 1, 2014, was 296 million hens. Rate of lay per day on June 1, 2014, averaged 74.9 eggs per 100 hens, down slightly from last year.1
The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 51 percent of all U.S. hens.1
Presently, there are approximately 60 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus hens that represents approximately 87 percent of total production and 17 companies with greater than 5 million hens.2
Today, there are approximately 177 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These companies represent about 99 percent of all the hens in the United States.** In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more.3
U.S. Egg Facts
Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand3:
State/Number of Hens
Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are3:
|State||Number of Hens|
1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.
2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.
3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.
All Figures Updated 6.25.14.