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About the U.S. Egg Industry

United States shell egg production totaled 8.00 billion during May 2015, down 5 percent from last year.1

Table egg flock size on May 1, 2015, was 296 million layers. As of June 1, 2015, the table egg flock dropped to 270 million layers due to the Avian Influenza outbreaks. Rate of lay per day on May 1, 2015, averaged 78.4 eggs per 100 hens.1

The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 49 percent of all U.S. hens.1

Presently, there are approximately 63 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus hens that represents approximately 86 percent of total production and 17 companies with greater than 5 million hens.2

Today, there are approximately 182 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These companies represent about 99 percent of all the hens in the United States.2 In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more.3

U.S. Egg Facts

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand3:

Year Egg Production
1998 239.7
1999 249.8
2000 251.7
2001 252.8
2002 255.9
2003 254.7
2004 257.1
2005 255.4
2006 258.1
2007 251.7
2008 248.3
2009 248.4
2010 249.3
2011 250.0
2012 254.2
2013 255.1
2014 263.0

State/Number of Hens

Currently, the top 10 egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are3:

State Number of Hens
Iowa 54,876
Ohio 30,826
Indiana 25,204
Pennsylvania 23,559
Texas 14,845
California 12,733
Michigan 12,457
Minnesota 11,175
Georgia 9,785
Nebraska 9,353

Sources:

1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA.

2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board.

3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA.

All Figures Updated 06.23.15.

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