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Egg Industry Facts Sheet

  • Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production divided by the total population. It does not represent demand. (USDA has recently adjusted data to reflect 2000 Census figures.)

1998 - 239.7

2002 - 255.9 2006 - 258.1 2010 - 247.9

1999 - 249.8

2003 - 254.7 2007 - 251.7 2011 - 247.7
2000 - 251.7 2004 - 257.1 2008 - 248.3 2012 - 248.7
2001 - 252.8 2005 - 255.4 2009 - 248.4 2013 - 250.7 (est.)
  • Currently, the top ten egg producing states (ranked by number of layers represented in thousands) are:
  1. Iowa - 51,870
  2. Ohio -28,178
  3. Indiana - 25,719
  4. Penn. - 23,787
  5. California - 18.873
  1. Texas - 14,599
  2. Michigan - 12,310
  3. Minnesota - 9,861
  4. Nebraska - 9,206
  5. Georgia - 8,771
  • The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 50 percent of all U.S. layers.
  • U.S. egg production during August 2013 was 6.95 billion table eggs.
  • Presently, there are approximately 59 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus layers that represents approximately 87 percent of total production and 16 companies with greater than 5 million layers.
  • To date, there are approximately 172 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These companies represent about 95 percent of all the layers in the United States.** In 1987, there were around 2,500 operations.** (Number of operations in 1987 include some contract farms and divisions.)\
  • Flock size for Sept. 1, 2013 was 292 million layers. Rate of lay per day on March 1, 2013 averaged 74.3 eggs per 100 layers, up slightly from last year. 
  • Of the 223.70 million cases (estimated) of shell eggs produced in 2012:  71.3 million cases (31.9%) were further processed (for foodservice, manufacturing, retail and export); 123.8 million cases (55.3%) went to retail; 20.13 million cases (9.0%) went for foodservice use; and 8.5 million cases (3.8%) were exported. 
As of August 2013 2013 2012
U.S. Cage-Free Flock: 5.9% 6.0%
   Layers (millions) 17.1 16.9
    USDA Organic: 2.8   5% 3.0%
    Layers (millions) 8.2 8.5
    Other Cage-Free: 3.1% 3.0%
     Layers (millions) 8.9 8.3

Note: percentage of U.S. table egg layer Flock

Source: USDA Poultry Market News & Analysis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Exports of processed egg products for the first eight months of 2013 were 33,587 tons, up 11.2% year-on-year, while export value was $100.15 million, up 7.1%. Table egg exports reached 123.81 million dozen valued at $118.58 million, up 84.1 and 98.0%  year-on-year, respectively. Exports of egg products and table eggs set year-on- records in both quantity and value.
  • Exports of processed egg products to Japan, the single most important export market for U.S. egg products, increased by 7.2 percent to  $31.73 million, accounting for 31.7 percent of U.S. total export value worldwide. Exports to Mexico reached $26.81 million, as compared to $4.69 million in the same time period of 2012. Exports to  the EU-28 decreased by 65.6% to $11.42 million. While exports to Canada increased by 64.4% to $8.40 million, exports to Hong Kong rose by42.3% to $2.68 million. Export sales to these top five markets were $80.54 million or 80.4% of U.S. total sales worldwide.
  • Of the total table egg shipments, 92.3% or 114.26 million dozen were shipped to the top five export markets - Mexico, Hong Kong, Canada , the U.A.E. and EU-28. Specifically, shipments to these top markets were Mexico, 48.01 million dozen, as compared to 2.00 million dozen for the same time period of 2012;  Hong Kong, 35.83 million doz., up 16.3% year-on-year; Canada, 14.96 million dozen, up 37.5%; the U.A.E., 8.62 million doz., up 16.1%; EU-28,6.84 million doz. up 11.7%. Sources: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, American Egg Board and USAPEEC.

      Updated on: 10.29.13